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Wool Research Association
P.O. Sandoz Baug
Kolshet Road, Thane - 400 607,
Maharashtra . India.
Tel : 91- 22 - 25868109/ 25868398
Fax : 91- 22 - 25868365

Projects Sponsored by Central Wool Development Board (CWDB), Government of India

(A) Ongoing Project

1) Use of Indian wools in development of  technical textiles like nonwoven mesh for moisture management, filtration fabrics, wipe, insulating mats, roof-liners, sport shoe liner, etc

2) Design & Development of Indian wool based smart textiles having thermoregulatory properties using phase change material (PCM)

(B) Completed projects

1) Development of thermal responsive high altitude multilayer protective clothing made principally of angora fibre.

· Project Duration-24 months (May 2011- April 2013)
· Amount sanctioned by CWDB: Rs. 30,46,545.00/-
· Contact Person: Director, Wool Research Association, Thane.
· Area of Research: Technical Textile
· Place of Research: Wool Research Association, Thane.
· Abstract and highlight-
In high altitude area, the temperature is too low to sustain life. The blood circulation is hampered due to extreme cold conditions. So the people living in these areas suffer more. UV intensities increase with altitude. This is because the amount of atmosphere available to absorb UV is reduced, and so more and shorter wavelength UV is able to reach higher altitude areas. So this causes skin diseases like cancer. There is lot of high altitude clothing in market, but they are not so responsive according to our body need. So there is dire necessity to develop high altitude warm clothing having properties like light Weight, stretchable, wind proof, breathable and UV resistance. Along with other fibres, angora can be used in high altitude clothing as it is very lighter and warmer than sheep wool.
In high altitude area, the temperature is varied widely .it is changed from season to season and also from day time to night time in a same day. In Jammu and Kashmir during winter, the temperature varies from freezing point to -30°c or above from day to night respectively .so the clothing which are designed for 0°c may not comfortable at -30°c and vice versa. So, active protective clothing can be designed which can respond at different temperature level keeping the body comfort. This may possible by using conductive thread with a suitable temperature controller in angora fabric.

1) To develop textile effluent treatment system for power generation.

· Project Duration: 24 months (June 2010- April 2012)
· Amount sanctioned by CWDB: Rs. 21, 95,000.00/-
· Contact Person: Director, Wool Research Association, Thane.
· Area of Research: Wool Technology
· Place of Research: Wool Research Association, Thane.
· Abstract & Highlight:
Presently none of the textile mill is utilising waste water treatment for the production of energy. The aerobic treatment currently employed by the textile mills produce obnoxious emissions, odour and pollution in the ambient atmosphere. The application of anaerobic biological system will avoid the gaseous emissions reducing pollution. The conversion of methane gas to electrical energy has direct impact on the reduction of methane and indirect reduction of carbon emissions to the atmosphere and would put the methane gas to the productive use for energy conservation. The project is aimed at introducing methane producing anaerobic treatment systems for wool textile effluents and to capture the methane generated for producing power.

2) Up gradation of Indian wool by stretching and Setting means for value addition and use in apparel purpose

Project Duration: 24 months (September 2010- August 2012)
Amount sanctioned by CWDB: Rs. 39, 37,000.00/-
Contact Person: Director, Wool Research Association, Thane.
Area of Research: Wool Technology
Place of Research: Wool Research Association, Thane.
Abstract & Highlight:
In order to increase the market demand for Indian wool, it would be desirable to produce worsted quality yarn from Indian wool and also to introduce some modification to their surface appearance, such as degree of luster. Traditionally it has been necessary to use finer micron wool i.e. less than 28 micron wool for producing worsted quality yarn. Most of the Indian wools like Decani have an average micron value of 40 or greater than 40, which is unsuitable for use in apparel purpose. These wools are also having short staple length and high amount of Kemp fibre. But some hilly region wools have a good staple length and length distribution. Their fineness is also around 28 to 30 micron. Therefore it is an object of this invention to provide a process and apparatus for stretching of Indian wool to reduce their diameter, increase their length, modify their degree of luster and make them apparel grad wool. Incorporating this modification of wool fibre may increase the value of Indian wool to the wool processing sector. It may also increase the production of good quality of Indian wool by motivating the wool growers in our country.

3) Design and Development of high end fabrics using yarns made of special wool fibres (Angora/Pashmina) and Eri silk blends.

· Project Duration: - 24 Months (December 2010 – November 2012)
· Amount Sanctioned by CWDB: - Rs. 19, 66,000.00/-
· Contact Person – Director,Wool Research Association, Thane.
· Area of Research: - Process development
· Place of Research: - Wool Research Association, Thane
· Abstract & Highlights: -
The objective of the ongoing project is to exploit the distinct desirable properties of these two special fibres Pashmina and Angora, it is essential to spin them to finer yarns in the count range of 80s to 90s Nm by adopting scientific processes and suitable machineries to achieve better process performance thereby increasing the value addition and marketability of products. As these fibres are weak in strength, which is major impediment in processing, it is proposed to blend them with Eri silk which not only imparts required strength but also enhances the aesthetic properties of products like soothing, luster rich feel & appearance and elegance. The targeted products are fine suiting & shirting, fine kurta material, fine knitwears and fine shawls for domestic as well as overseas market.

4) To develop ecological friendly moth repellent and moth proofing agents for woollen textiles for easy care.

· Project Duration: - 24 Month (January 2009- December 2010)
· Amount Sanctioned By CWDB: Rs.20,57,000.00/-
· Contact Person: - Director, Wool Research Association, Thane
· Area of Research: - Textile Chemistry
· Place of Research: - Wool Research Association, Thane
· Abstract & Highlight: -
At present, application of a moth proofing formulation is through import mode, costing around Rs 3000/- per Kg. and hence, the immediate solution to broaden the need for moth proofing of woollen goods, is to find an alternative indigenous way out of formulation of the product. Accordingly, we have formulated a cost effective moth proofing preparation using available indigenous chemicals and restricting its cost around Rs 900/- per Kg. which would be affordable to industry. In terms of fastness and moth proofing performance properties, the developed product is found to meet all the requirements and this can be made available readily to the wool processors in the decentralised sector, through supplier.
As an alternative long term new generation solution for chlorine based effective moth proofing agent, we have also reported the synthesis of Benzyl 2-methyl-2-phenylpropyl ether, a potential toxic compound which is expected to possess high insecticidal activity and low mammal toxicity. For this purpose various starting materials were synthesized. As reported phenyl acetic acid was converted to its ethyl ester and methylated with methyl iodide using sodium hydride to effect C-dimethylation to produce ethyl- 2-phenyl-2-methylpropionate, the compound with gemdimethyl grouping.
The compounds prepared in scheme I & scheme II substituted benzyl 2-methyl – 2 phenyl propyl ethers, substituted benzyl phenyl ethyl ethers and substituted dibenzyl ethers and corresponding ureas have been tested at the level of 1% of the fabric weight with its physical presence.it has been observed that there is a substancial reduction in the feeding damage and in some cases it imparts moth resist properties to the fabric. Of the nine synthesized compounds of substituted Benzyl 2‑methyl‑2‑phenylpropyl ethers only 3-phenoxy benzyl ‑methyl‑2‑phenylpropyl ether and benzyl 2‑methyl‑2-(4-methylphenyl) propyl ether were effective at 0.1 and 1.00% level of the eight synthesised substituted Benzyl phenylethyl ethers and substituted dibenzyl ethers compounds only benzyl phenylethyl ether was effective at 0.5 %level.

Out of the four synthesized compounds of N1-(Substituted phenyl)-N2 (2-methyl-2-phenylpropyloxymethylphenyl) ureas, none was effective up to 1.00 % level of the six synthesised compounds of N1(substituted phenyl)-N2-(3-benzyloxymethylphenyl) and N1 -(substitued phenyl)- N2 -( benzyl ethoxymethyl phenyl) urea only N1(4-flurophenyl)- N2 -(3-benzyloxymethylphenyl) urea was effective at 0.5 % level.